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Culturally adapted computing resources for primary schools

In this study, we built on our previous work in culturally relevant pedagogy, specifically our guidelines for teachers, to support UK teachers in adapting Computing lessons to the cultural context of their learners. UK-based primary school teachers worked together with us to investigate how to adapt Computing resources to make them culturally relevant for their learners. The ultimate goal was to improve the engagement and outcomes of learners from groups that are underrepresented in Computing, such as girls, learners from UK minority ethnic groups, and learners from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds.

This study was funded by Cognizant and we are grateful for their generous support. Since 2018, Cognizant has worked to ensure that all individuals have equitable opportunities to thrive in the jobs driving the future. Their work aligns with our mission to enable young people to realise their full potential through the power of computing and digital technologies.

Between October 2022 and July 2023, 13 teachers from 12 schools in England participated in this research study. Participants were a mixture of generalist primary school teachers and specialist primary Computing teachers, and the majority were working in urban areas.

Study design

Teachers participated in a collaborative adaptation of resources for Year 4 and 5 (ages 8–10) to make them culturally relevant for their classrooms. They attended a full-day workshop introducing culturally relevant pedagogy, contributed their ideas, and then delivered six adapted lessons during the spring term of 2023. We provided support through online drop-in sessions and observation, we asked teachers to complete a reflective diary, pre- and post-surveys, and post-intervention interviews.

Study resources

All of our research instruments are freely available to use by other researchers and interested teachers. In our open folder, you can access the workshop booklets used to adapt the Year 4 and Year 5 units, the slides from the workshop, and our pre- and post-surveys.


Leonard, H. C., Childs, K., Waite, J., Whyte, R., & Sentance, S. (2023, September). Engaging primary (K-5) computing teachers in culturally relevant pedagogy through professional development. In Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on United Kingdom & Ireland Computing Education Research (pp. 1-7).

Other materials

Culturally relevant Computing: Experiences of primary learners (blog article)
Engaging primary Computing teachers in culturally relevant pedagogy through professional development (blog article)
Running a workshop with teachers to create culturally relevant Computing lessons (blog article)